England is often subdivided into three parts: the South, the Midlands and the
The South. The landscape is varied. The climate is warmer than in the
other areas. There are hundreds of miles of sea coast which vary from flat,
sandy or stony beaches to high rocky cliffs. The mild and sunny climate makes
the south coast popular with holiday-makers. Some coastal resorts are famous,
Brighton among them.
Somerset, Devon and Cornwall are rural counties, tucked away with hidden
fishing hamlets and Britain's warmest weather in winter. There are high, bare
hills, rock and deep wooded valleys.
Inland, the landscape is gentle and green; it is famous for its fertile
farmland, the calm, tranquil and quiet beauty of its countryside.
One of the most beautiful counties in the South of England is certainly Kent.
It is known as the Garden of England, because it is famous for its picturesque
orchards which produce a lot of fruit and vegetables.
Another area which has some of the richest farmland in the country is known
as the Fens and lies to the east of Cambridge.
This land was drained and now the Fen Country consists of miles of flat land
with almost no trees or hedges.
In general, the South is wealthier than other areas of Britain. Work of all
kinds is provided on the land, in trade and industry. British Aerospace has
factories building aeroplanes in several parts of the South. Lots of people are
involved in service industries including financial, business and government
services, computer services and information systems. There are science-based
companies and research organizations.
The Midlands. The Midlands Region
has much farming land, but this part of the country is better known as an
industrial area, one of England's most productive regions.
Birmingham which is often called 'the Big Heart of England', is the
most important city of the Midlands. It is the second largest city in the United
Kingdom. Birmingham and the neighbouring industrial city of Coventry are famous
for engineering, especially car production.
Derby is another engineering centre. Rolls Royce make aero engines and
The Potteries is another industrial area in the Midlands. It lies
around the city of Stoke-on-Trent and produces china, crockery and all kinds of
ceramics, some of which are famous worldwide, Wedgwood among them.
The West Midlands, another
industrialized area where there are many collieries and steelworks, is known as
the Black Country because of the black smoke and blackened buildings there.
In contrast, the Midlands region has some beautiful picturesque countryside
in the Peak District with its National Park.
The North. The weather is considerably colder. There is almost always
snow in winter.
This is a region of great natural beauty although industry of some kind has
existed here for hundreds of years. There is a great contrast in the North
between the beautiful open, hilly countryside and the industrial towns and
In parts of the North — in Yorkshire particularly — there are gentle wooded
valleys and green pastures and excellent farming land. West Yorkshire is very
good country for sheep-farming, and it has long been Britain's most important
area for the wool industry.
Coal is one of the few natural resources found in the North of England.
Some famous industrial cities in the North are Manchester, Sheffield, Leeds