Культурология как наука о культуре, ее сущности и закономерностях, взаимовлиянии, культур, цивилизаций. Культурология - теория и история культуры. Взаимосвязь культурологии с общегуманитарными дисциплинами: философией, культурной антропологией, социологией, литературоведением, этикой, эстетикой и др.
In March of 1918 Moscow became the capital. The supreme organs of state power and many central institutions moved to Moscow from Petrograd. It was extremely difficult in the years of the Civil war to see the image of a new city in deserted and unheated Moscow.
The rapid growth of Moscow's population occurred during the twenties and thirties, in 1931 work began to develop the Master Reconstruction Plan of Moscow, a plan which many people abroad considered to be vain dream.
The city grew and changed, the streets and squares became wider, the wooden houses at the former outskirts disappeared. But the buildings of cultural and historical value were carefully preserved.
Today, as ever, the Kremlin with Red Square is the centre of Moscow. Here Moscow began more than eight hundred years ago. The city has grown so vast since, the present and the past are so closely interwoven that one can not embrace it all at once.
Certain villages, distant country estates have become the new residential areas of Moscow. New dwellings rose not only within the established parts of Moscow but new neighbourhoods took shape in Tyoply Stan, Orekhovo-Borisovo, Yasenevo.
In the past century Moscow went through the invasion of Napoleon's army that forced all Muscovites to leave their city. Moscow was burned down but was never conquered. Once the enemy was driven away. its inhabitants set about building Moscow anew.
Nowadays in erecting new buildings, the Muscovites take care to preserve its unique monuments. Its architectural ensembles have been formed over the centuries and each generation added features of its Lime to the appearance of the city.
The city has thousands of libraries, schools, kindergartens and nurseries, hundreds of clubs and cinemas, dozens of higher educational establishments, theatres, museums and stadiums.
Neither words nor convincing figures, however, can give a complete idea of what had been done in Moscow. One has to visit Moscow plants and factories, to stroll about its streets and squares, to see its new residential areas.
The Kremlin is now both a piece of living history and an ensemble of masterpieces of Russian architecture.
The first thing that meets the eye is the redbrick walls of the Kremlin, reinforced by 20 towers, five of which are also gates. The Kremlin's towers are unique in appearance. Built in 1485, the Tainitsky Tower is the oldest. The highest of them is the Trinity Tower which is 80 metres tall.
The Bolshoi Theatre was opened in 1825. The theatre seats 2,150. The company has more than 900 members.
The State Tretyakov Gallery. The gallery's works of Russian fine arts range from unique mosaics and icons of the 11th century to works of contemporary artists. The gallery is named after great Russian Connoisseur Pavel Tretyakov who left his collection as a gift to the nation. It has become one of the most popular places of interest in Moscow since then.
The Nike SB Dunk Low Boca Juniors first debuted back in April 2015, and is now set to Nike Factory Store officially make a retro return for Spring 2017. Inspired by the Brazilian soccer club, the BOCA Juniors that will look similar to Nike Air Max Zero its original release.Dressed in a Varsity Royal, Lightning Yellow, and Gum Light Brown color scheme. This classic Nike SB Dunk Low replaces Nike Air Max Outlet the leather upper with upgraded suede overlays. Fully covered in Blue, the shoe includes Yellow accents on the Swoosh, tongue and heel, Nike Huarache atop a White midsole and Gum rubber outsole.Look for the Nike SB Dunk Low “Boca Juniors” to release this April 2017 at Nike Shox select Nike Skateboarding retailers and Nike.com. The retail price tag is set at $90 USD. Following a debut during the All-Star Weekend Nike Air More Uptempo Black festivities, Nike Sportswear is set to debut the Nike Air Max Uptempo University Blue Pack this Saturday, February 25th.The pack includes the Nike Roshe Flyknit Nike Air Max Uptempo, the Nike Air Max2 Uptempo, and the Nike Air Max Uptempo 97 all dressed in University Blue with Nike Roshe Run White soles.Look for the Nike Air Max Uptempo “University Blue” Pack to become available this Saturday, February 25th to select Nike Sportswear nike free flyknit retailers and Nike.com. The Nike Air Max 1 Master will be part of the Nike Air Max Day 2017 Collection that celebrates Nike Air More Uptempo the 30th Anniversary of the Nike Air Max 1.While Nike just officially unveiled the “Master” Nike Air Max 1, it now appears Curry Shoes that they have an alternate version of the celebrated shoe.This pair comes in White, that includes a combination of materials curated from Nike Janoski the most coveted styles in Air Max history.There’s no word on if this alternate version of the Nike Air Max 1 “Master” Nike Flyknit Trainer will release, but you can get a closer look at them below. Stay tuned to Sneaker Bar for more updates on every nike free 5.0 release for Air Max Day. The Nike Waffle Racer is releasing in their newest version of the historic silhouette that just debuted Nike Air Max Tavas in this “Black Gum” colorway.Featuring a nylon upper with a large leather Nike Swoosh in White with a matching heel tab, along Nike Air Presto with suede overlays. The shoe is finished off with a classic rubber Gum waffle outsole.Take a closer look at the additional images Nike Flyknit 4.0 below and you can now find the latest Nike Waffle Racer ’17 “Black Gum” available now through select Nike Sportswear retailers like Nike Air Max Thea Kith. The retail price tag is set at $90 USD. The Nike KD 9 Roar From the Floor is a new released Nike Flyknit Air Max kids’ colorway of the Nike KD 9 that’s now available.Dressed in an Obsidian, Paramount Blue, Polarized Blue and Max Orange color scheme. Nike Air Max 2017 This Nike KD 9 also features unique special graphics on each of the insoles.Take a look at the latest Nike KD 9 Cheap Nike Air Max “Roar From the Floor” below and pickup them up today directly on Nike.com. The retail price tag is set at $125 USD. A$AP Bari took it to Twitter to confirm a release for the OFF WHITE x Nike Air Force 1 Low for later Nike Yeezy this year. Today, we take a look at the anticipated Nike Air Force 1 Low.Ian Connor gave us a preview look towards Nike Flyknit Racer the end of February, but now we’re able to see more details that the shoe offers.Featuring a Black leather upper with a Nike Basketball Shoes bold Metallic Silver Swoosh on the sides and unique bold stitching. Other details include “AIR” on the midsole, and a deconstructed tongue.Check Nike Store out the additional images below and let us know what you guys think in the comments section. Stay tuned to Sneaker Bar Nike Air Max for more release info as they develop. The Nike Air Force 1 Tech Craft Low is a spring-ready that will be making Nike Outlet Store its debut in the coming weeks. Following the debut of the High version, we now take a look at the Low-top variants.Two Nike Air Yeezy 2 of the first pairs to release come dressed in monochromatic colors consisting of Black/Vachetta Tan for men’s sizes and Sail/Gum for women’s. Nike Free Flyknit Both are constructed with premium leather uppers, perforated side panels and revamped sockliners.Check out the detailed images below and look for the Nike Flyknit Chukka Nike Air Force 1 Tech Craft Low to debut in the coming days at select Nike Sportswear retailers and Nike.com. What was Nike Flyknit Lunar 3 originally thought to be the Nike Sock Dart 2 is actually called the Nike Arrowz. This sequel to the Nike Sock Dart Nike Air Max 2016 adds some new details, while sitting being heavily influenced by the Sock Dart.The most notable new feature is this model comes with Nike Air Force 1 laces, while borrowing a perforated translucent TPU midfoot piece that resembles the Sock Dart’s signature strap.A release date has yet to be Nike Air Max officially announced, but you can get a first look at an upcoming “Triple White” and Grey/Black colorways of the Nike Arrowz for Nike Juvenate Summer 2017. The Nike Air Force 1 continues to release in luxurious styles, and the latest launch comes from their CMFT line. Nike Shoes Suffixed with TC, this Nike Air Force 1 comes dressed in a clean White and Gum color scheme.Featuring a premium leather upper, Nike Flyknit with matching tongues and tongue tab, along with padded leather inner bootie. Other details include a mesh toe box, split eyelets, debossed Nike Shoes Nike Swoosh logos, perforated side panels sitting atop a Phylon midsole and Gum rubber outsole.You can now find this Nike Air Force Nike Outlet 1 CMFT TC SP available at select Nike Sportswear retailers like Kith.com and directly on Nike.com. The retail price tag is set nike free trainer 5.0 at $220 USD. What can make any shoe better? Adding “Multicolor” to it, right? That is exactly what Nike Skateboarding did with the upcoming Nike SB Stefan Janoski Max Nike Air Max 2016 Multicolor colorway.Stefan Janoski‘s low-top signature shoe receives the full Multicolor treatment. Built with a mesh upper that has a mix of Red, Green, Blue and Yellow color tones, with a slip-on bootie construction. A Grey tongue, collar and laces, along with a Nike Internationalist Black Swoosh and White sole finishes off the design.Look for the Nike SB Stefan Janoski Max “Multicolor” to release on or before nike free 4.0 flyknit Air Max Day this Sunday, March 26th on Nike.com. The retail price tag is set at $160 USD.