Moscow is the capital of Russia, its political, economic, commercial and cultural centre. It was founded 9 centuries ago by Prince Yuri Dolgoruky. Historians have accepted the year of 1147 as the start of Moscow's history. Gradually the city became more and more powerful. In the 13th century Moscow was the centre of the struggle of Russian lands for the liberation from the tartar yoke.
The Kremlin is the symbol of first Russian and later Soviet power and authority. Its crenellated red brick walls and 20 towers were built at the end of the 15th century, when a host of Italian builders arrived in Moscow at the invitation of Ivan III the Great. Of the most important towers, the Saviour (Spasskaya) Tower leading to Red Square was built in 1491 by Pietro Solario, who designed most of the main towers; its belfry was added in 1624-25. The chimes of its clock are broadcast by radio as a time signal to the whole nation. Also on the Red Square front is the St. Nicholas (Nikolskaya) Tower, built originally in 1491 and rebuilt in 1806. The two other principal gate towers--the Trinity (Troitskaya) Tower, with a bridge and outer barbican (the Kutafya Tower), and the Borovitskaya Tower--lie on the western wall.
Within the Kremlin walls is one of the most striking and beautiful architectural ensembles in the world: a combination of churches and palaces, which are open to the public and are among the city's most popular tourist attractions, and the highest offices of the state, which are surrounded by strict security. Around the central Cathedral Square (Sobornaya Ploshchad) are grouped three magnificent cathedrals, superb examples of Russian church architecture at its height in the late 15th and early 16th centuries. These and the other churches in the Kremlin ceased functioning as places of worship after the Revolution and are now museums. The white stone Cathedral of the Assumption (Uspensky Sobor) is the oldest, built in 1475-79 in the Italianate-Byzantine style. Its pure, simple, and beautifully proportioned lines and elegant arches are crowned by five golden domes. The Orthodox metropolitans and patriarchs of the 14th to the 18th century are buried there. Across the square is the Cathedral of the Annunciation (Blagoveshchensky Sobor), built in 1484-89 by craftsmen from Pskov; though burned in 1547, it was rebuilt in 1562-64. Its cluster of chapels is topped by golden roofs and domes. Inside are a number of early 15th-century icons attributed to Theophanes the Greek and to Andrey Rublyov, considered by many to be the greatest of all Russian icon painters. The third cathedral, the Archangel (Arkhangelsky), was rebuilt in 1505-08; in it are buried the princes of Moscow and tsars of Russia (except Boris Godunov) up to the founding of St. Petersburg.
Just off the square stands the splendid, soaring white bell tower of Ivan the Great; built in the 16th century and damaged in 1812, it was restored a few years later. At its foot is the enormous Tsar Bell (Tsar-Kolokol), cast in 1733-35 but never rung. Nearby is the Tsar Cannon (Tsar-Pushka), cast in 1586. Beside the gun are located the mid-17th-century Cathedral of the Twelve Apostles (Sobor Dvenadtsati Apostolov) and the adjoining Patriarchal Palace.
On the west of Cathedral Square is a group of palaces of various periods; the Palace of Facets (Granovitaya Palata)--so called from the exterior finish of faceted, white stone squares--was built in 1487-91. Behind it is the Terem Palace of 1635-36, which incorporates several older churches, including the Resurrection of Lazarus (Voskreseniye Lazarya), dating from 1393. Both became part of the Kremlin Great Palace, built as a royal residence in 1838-49 and formerly used for sessions of the Supreme Soviet of the U.S.S.R.; its long, yellow-washed facade dominates the riverfront. It is connected to the Armoury Palace (Oruzheynaya Palata), built in 1844-51 and now the Armoury Museum, housing a large collection of treasures of the tsars. Along the northeast wall of the Kremlin are the Arsenal (1702-36), the former Senate building (1776-88), and the School for Red Commanders (1932-34). The only other Soviet-period building within the Kremlin is the Palace of Congresses (1960-61), with a vast auditorium used for political gatherings and as a theatre.
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jordans for girls Отправил: jordans for girls 11/09/2016
Jordan Brand debuts their latest Trainer ST version with the release of the Jordan Trainer ST Black Elephant Print coloray.The Jordan Trainer has been flying under the radar as of late, but this sleek release might catch the attention of some.The training shoe comes dressed in a Black and Dark Grey color scheme. Built with suede midfoot support with elephant Jordan 13 print pattern riding up the toe area and tongue. The shoe is completed with a Flight Flex pattern on its outsole.Take a closer look at the latest Jordan Trainer ST “Black Elephant Print” below and find them available today through select retailers like Titolo. Jordan Brand brings back the classic Air Jordan 1 Banned colorway, which debuted in 1985. This Air Jordan 1 is notably known as the shoe that Jordan 7 cost Nike $5,000 for violating the league’s uniform code.Michael kind of threw the rules out on how you were supposed to play the game. The shoe kind of threw the rules out on what a basketball shoe was supposed to look like. People who weren’t even into basketball found out about the shoe and it became this catalyst for where we are today.The Air Jordan 1 set the tone for New Jordan Shoes Jordan’s future, and his eponymous brand, transcending the court and finding favor across a broad spectrum of society.This Air Jordan 1 receives the traditional “Banned” aka “Bred” color scheme of Black and Red that’s built with a full premium leather upper and rests atop a clean White midsole and Red rubber outsole. Some of the notable features to this release includes ‘Nike Air’ branding on the tongue and will not Jordan 13 include the ‘X’ detailing on the heel that was seen on the original “Banned” release from 2011.The Air Jordan 1 Retro High OG “Banned” will release during Labor Day weekend on September 3rd, 2016 at select Jordan Brand retail stores. The retail price tag is set at $160 USD. Jeffery Harrison, 33, better known as the social media sensation dubbed “CDA MJ” after he was spotted playing pickup basketball fully Jordans For Sale dressed to look like Michael Jordan.While being a Michael Jordan fan for majority of his life, little did he know he was about to receive the biggest surprise directly from his icon, MJ.Harrison has been infatuated with Michael Jordan since he was 4-years-old. He has been wearing the Jordan uniform since 2010. It has earned him nicknames like Jordan, but the response has not always been positive.Many people did not Jordan Future know at the time he blew up on social media that Harrison is autistic. He is unable to work and he dedicates much of his time to basketball, watching videos of Jordan’s old teams and playing pickup games.Harrison said people are not always nice and it frustrates him. But, he has never let it defeat him. He challenges the perception of who he is and what he is capable of Jordans for sale both in life and in basketball.Harrison said he always has fun playing basketball and takes it very seriously. It is just another way he takes after his idol.CBS affiliate KREM2 was able to contact Jordan’s business manager, who was touched by Harrison’s tribute, that Michael Jordan decided to pass along a “Thank You” to one of his biggest fans. Miami’s SoleFly has unveiled their newest Air Jordan collaboration with two New Jordan Shoes super limited SoleFly x Jordan Eclipse releases.The Jordan Eclipse is part of SoleFly’s “SP” Capsule that will be extremely tough to get, having both pairs limited to only 250 pairs (per colorway).Both pairs feature an all woven upper for the first time on this silhouette. With 3M highlights, co-branded insoles and custom packaging.Look for the SoleFly x Jordan “SP” Capsule to release on August 13th at a pop-up location in Jordan 11 Space Jam Wynwood, with a wider release to follow online. The retail price tag is set at $200 USD. Jordan Brand debuts yet another Blackout Air Jordan 1 Low with this latest version that’s hitting retailers now.Dressed in an all-Black color scheme. This low-top Air Jordan 1 features a full leather upper with a suede overlay that sits atop a Black rubber outsole. Other details added are perforated holes on the toe Cheap Jordans For Sale box.Take a closer look below and you can now find the Air Jordan 1 Low “Blackout” available now through select Jordan Brand retail stores, including shops like Rock City Kicks. The retail price tag is set at $100 USD. The Air Jordan 1 Reverse Shattered Backboard will be released to celebrate the launch of the Air Jordan XXX1 Shattered Backboard in October.This “Reverse” version of the popular Air Jordan 1 Jordan shoes “Shattered Backboard” has a similar color scheme as the original “Chicago” release, but in the Shattered Backboard colors.Featuring a mix of premium tumbled and smooth leather upper that features a perfect color scheme fitted for Halloween.There’s no confirmed release date as of yet, Jordan 11 "72-10" but reports are stating that the Air Jordan 1 “Reverse Shattered Backboard” will be debuting this October. The retail price tag is set at $160 USD.Let us know what you guys think in the comments section and stay tuned to Sneaker Bar for further updates as they develop. Jordan Brand brings back the classic Air Jordan 1 Banned colorway, which debuted in 1985. This Air Jordan 1 is notably known as the shoe that cost Nike $5,000 for violating the league’s uniform code.Michael kind of threw the rules out on how you were supposed to play the game. The shoe kind of Jordans for sale threw the rules out on what a basketball shoe was supposed to look like. People who weren’t even into basketball found out about the shoe and it became this catalyst for where we are todayThe Air Jordan 1 set the tone for Jordan’s future, and his eponymous brand, transcending the court and finding favor across a broad spectrum of society.This Air Jordan 1 receives the traditional “Banned” aka “Bred” color Jordan 12 scheme of Black and Red that’s built with a full premium leather upper and rests atop a clean White midsole and Red rubber outsole. Some of the notable features to this release includes ‘Nike Air’ branding on the tongue and will not include the ‘X’ detailing on the heel that was seen on the original “Banned” release from 2011.Look for the Air Jordan 1 Retro High OG “Banned” to release Jordan 11 during Labor Day weekend on September 3rd, 2016 at select Jordan Brand retail stores. The retail price tag is set at $160 USD. You can also find them available on eBay. Jordan Brand gives the Air Jordan 1 a modernized update by introducing the upcoming Air Jordan 1 Ultra High silhouette.Shown here are two Air Jordan 1 Retro Ultra High colorways that will be releasing. One pair comes dressed in Cheap Jordans for sale a White, Metallic Gold Coin, Black and Pure Platinum color scheme, while the other dons a Black, Ghost Green, Blue Lagoon and Infrared 23 makeup.The highlight of this new Air Jordan 1 is the extended bootie and pull-tab system, which also has a new textile upper and Nike Swoosh logos that are both outlined.Check out the additional images of the Air Jordan 1 Retro Ultra High below and look for Cheap Jordans them to make their debut on August 13th at select Jordan Brand retail stores. The retail price tag is set at $150 USD. Aside from the Air Jordan 11 Low “Columbia” returning in 2017, we give you some more updates for other upcoming Air Jordan 11 Low 2017 releases.Finally, the “Columbia” Air Jordan 11 Low returns. Adding to the lineup is a “Barons” release dressed in Black/Metallic Silver-White and two Jordan Eclipse girls’ exclusive releases. One in Blue Moon/Sunset Blue-Binary Blue-White and the other part of the “Heiress” Collection dressed in White/Pure Platinum.The men’s Air Jordan 11 Low will release in a full-family sizes and will include a $5 price increase for a retail price of $175 USD.There’s no exact release date for any of these releases, but you can being to see them debut later this Winter/Spring 2017. The Jordan Horizon Jordan Shoes is one of the newest lifestyle models from Jordan Brand and they’ve just debuted their latest Jordan Horizon Low Pure Platinum colorway.This release comes dressed in a White, Gym Red, Pure Platinum and Black color scheme. The shoe features a full Pure Platinum mesh upper with White and Black detailing that includes contrasting Red accents. Finishing off the look is the Air Jordan 13-inspired icy outsole.Take a closer look at Jordan Shoes 2016 the on-feet images below and find the Jordan Horizon Low “Pure Platinum” available now at select Jordan Brand retail stores, including shops like Overkill.